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.Dy ks¾udK Ys,amh;a leghÔ l,dj;a tlsfklg ukdj iÔÒY%Kh jQ .Ôfmd< hq.fha ˙iQ fy< l,dlrejkaf.a w;s˙YsIaG ks¾udKYS,S yelshdj f,dalhg  ˙oyd mdkq ,nk iqkaor” lkao Wvrg msys· weÔnelal foajd,h yqfola u iq˙fYaIS jkafka wd.Òl isoaOia:dkhla jYfhka u fkdj th l,d;aul oejuh ks¾udKhka f.ka iuka˙; jQ l,d.drhla f,i o iq˙fYaIS jk nj i|yka l< hq;=uh’ 

uykqjr »ia;%slalfha Wvqkqjr m%dfoaYSh f,alÔ fld‹GdYfha msysgd we;s weÔnelafla foajd, N+Òh fj; fld<U uykqjr ud¾.fha ms<su;,dfjka yeÕ ojq,., ud¾.fha isg lsf,daÛgr wgla muK .uka lsÕfuka miqj <Ûd ˙h yelsh’

.Ôfmd< rdcOdks iufha ß tkÔ 14 jk Y; j¾Ih w.Nd.fha ß ;=kajk  ˙l%undyq rc;=udf.a ^l%sia;= j¾I 1357-1374& wkq.%yh we;sj fo,auv uQ,dpdÕ kÔ w;s olaI Ys,amsfhl=f.a w;ska fuu iq˙fYaIS weÔnelafla foajd,h ks¾udKh jQ njg ft;sydisl uQ,dY% idlaIs orhs’ 

tysos fuu weÔnelal foajd,h ks¾udKh ˘u i|yd mdol ˘ we;s mqrdjD;a;h b;d rij;a f,i weÔnelafla j¾Kkdj, kÔ l˙ fmdf;ys fo,af.dv uq»hkafia kÔ ;eke;af;l= ˙iska fufia  i|yka fldg we;  §weÔnelal .%duhg wdikakj msys· rx.u kÔ .%dufha is· tla fnr jdolfhl= yg l=IaG frda.hla je<£fuka miq tu l=IaG frda.h iqj lr fok f,ig Tyq reyqKq l;r.u foajd,hg  Ndr jQ w;r miqj  l;r.u fo˙˜kaf.a wdYs¾jdofhka iqjh ,eÓh’ Tyq thg lD;.=K ie,lSula jYfhka jirla mdid l;r.u f.dia fnr jhd l;r.u fo˙˜kag lD;.=K oela˘h’ miq lf,l uy∆ jQ l, tys hd.; fkdyelsj is;a ;ejqf,ka is·k w;r;=rß »kla foajd, N+Òfha tla rd;%shl Tyq je;sr ksokakg ˙h’ tysß rd;%S ld,fha l;r.u fo˙˜ka Tyq b»fl msg fmkS isg bka  ˇla fkdjk f,i;a fkdfnda »klska jDlaIhlska ,l=Kq fmkajd fo˙ˇkaf.a wkqyia  mdk nj;a t˙g u.=,a fnr jhd fmr mfl» .re nqyquka olajkak hehs mjid kslau f.dia we;’¶ ;=kajk ˙l%undyq rc;=udf.a Ïij jQ fykl|  Ïfida nKavdr foa˙hg wh;a u,a Whk msysgd ;snqfKa weÔnelafla .%dufha jk w;r tla »khl tys Whka m,a,d ˙iska u,a Whk msflisˇ lrÒka  is·k w;r ;=f¾ß   tys ;snQ lˇre .ilg  le;af;ka fldgk wjia:dfıß thska nU y;a flhkla Wig reÍr Odrdjla .,df.k f.dia we;’ fÔ nj oek .;a  fnr jdolhd tu ia:dkhg f.dia fuys fmkakqÔ lr we;af;a l;r.u fo˙˜kaf.a wdkqNdjh hehs oek .;a miqj Whka m,a,d yd iuÛ tlaj tu lˇre .i wÏhi fnr jhd mqo i;aldr isˇ fldg we;’ miqj fuu mqj; oek.;a ;=kajk ˙l%undyq rc;=ud weÔnelal foajd,h  fuys b» lrkakg lghq;= iÔmdokh lrk ,ß’

;jo ;=kajk ˙l%undyq rc;=udf.a Ïij jk fyKl| ÏfidanKavdr foa˙h Wvqkqjr ud;a.uqj .fÔ ;snQ fn,s .ilska jegqkq fn,s f.‰hlska ¥mmd;slj Ïys jQ nj he hs ckm%jdo j, mj;S’ miq j weh wef.a urKska u;= weh l;r.u fo˙˜kaf.a fufyishla njg m;ajQ nj;a l;r.u fo˙˜ka ˙iska weh weÔnelafla foajd,fha wÍm;s fojÛk njg m;alrk ,o nj;a mejfia’

tfukau oejfhka lrk ,o fyKl| ÏfidanKavdr foa˙hf.a ms<srejla o reÍr Odrdj ksl=;a jQ lˇre .fika ks¾udKh lrk ,o fudkr ms<srejla o fuu foajd,fha we;s nj mejfia’ flfia jqj o fuu mqrdjD;a; j,g jvd weÔnelal foajd,h jvd;a m%isoaO jkafka tys mj;skakd jQ  mj;skakd jQ .Dy ks¾udK Ys,amh;a w;s ˙YsIag leghÔ ks¾udK;a ksidfjks’

weÔnelal foajd,h tl,  f.dvke.s,s wglska b» lr ;sfnk w;r bka jdy,alv” uyd foajd,h” m,af,a foajd,h” ˘ wgqj” uqø;ekaf.h” nqˇ ueˇr foajd, N+Òh we;=<; msysgd we;s w;r  isxydikh yd  fl‹gd f.h  foajd, N+Òfhka msg; b» fldg we;’ foajd, ixlS¾Khg we;=ΩΩ jkafka jdy,alv kÒka ye¢kafjk f.dvke.s,a, ;=<sks’ w‰ 18 la m<, w‰ 23 la muK jq ». fuu f.dvke.s,af,a jy,h oej lKq 10 la u; b» fldg we;’ jdy,al‰ka we;=ø jQ miq uyd foajd,h fyj;a jev is·k ud<s.h kÒka ye¢kafjk f.dvke.s,a, yuqfjhs’ fuu f.dvkeÛs,a, 

1′ fya˙is uvqj fyj;a »la f.h 

2′ i˜ka l=vu 

3′ wka;rd,h fyj;a ueo »la f.h 

4′ msfl;a lshk f.h 

5′ jevis·k ud,s.dj fyj;a .¾N ˙uk h hkqfjka fldgia mylska iuka˙;h’

»la f.h w‰ 53 la muK ». w‰ 26 la muK m<, oejlKq 32 la u; ˙YsIag f,i b»fldg we;s jy,hlska hqla; Yd,djls’ .Dy ks¾udK l,dj fukau leghÔ l,dfıo woa˙;sh ks¾udKYS,S yelshdj ms<sÏUq jkafka fuu Yd,dj ;=<sks’

weÔnelal foajd,fha ,S lKq lsishÔ .,a mdoula u; b» fldg we;s w;r tu ,S lKqj, uq,a fldgia ;=k y;/ia  iajrEmhla .kS’ fuu ,S lKq i|yd fhdod f.k we;af;a msysÏhd” .Ôud∆” kd jeks l,a mj;akd  fukau leghÔ lsÕug myiqjk ,S  j¾.hhs’ lKqj, 9×9 wÛ,a fldgqj, fuu leghÔ ks¾udKh fldg we;’ fuys we;s iuia; leghÔ ixLHdj 514 la muK jk nj ft;sydisl uQ,dY% idlaIs orhs’ tysß tla lKqjl 4 ne.ska jQ lKq 32 l g leghÔ 128 lao tla ldKqjl 8 ne.ska jQ lKq 32 l ,shje,a wdY%s; leghÔ 256la  o fmalv fkøÔ leghÔ 64lao nd,alj, —;% leghÔ 30lao ;,do —;% leghÔ 36lao fjhs’

fuys we;s iq˙fYaIS leghÔ f,i u,a,j fmdrh” uj iy orejd” k<.k rej” wYajdfrdayl rEmh” ,S fl<s” foaj rej” isxy rE” fudkr rE” .scq,syskshd” we;a isxy fmdrh” we;a l| ,sysKshd” fNareKav mlaIshd” irfmkaod” .re~ mQ‹gqj” yxi mQ‹gqj” ,sh je,a” ,sh;Urd u,” ,Kq .egh” flf‹flhla jeks wdhqOhla”; lsÙys uQK wd»h oela˙h yelsh’ fuu leghÔ w;r we;s u,alÔ wdY%s; ks¾udKj,g iq˙fYaIS ia:dkhla ysÒ jkafka tajd tlsfklg lsisfia;au iudk fkdjk f,i ks¾udKh fldg ;sÓuhs” ;jo ,sh;Urd u, ,S leghula f,i oelsh yels jkafka fuu weÔnelal foajd,fha muKs” tl, fuu ks¾udK b;d ugis,sgq jk mfl» Tm oud ;sfnkakg  we;ehs ˙Yajdi l< yels h’ l=øKq u; b»fldg we;s jy,ho  Ys,amSh olaI;djh yd ks¾udKd;aul yelshdj uek˙ka ms<sÏUq lrka ks¾udKhls’

tysß jvd;au ck wjOdkhg m;a jk m%Odk;u oej ks¾udKh ufvd,a l=remdj ke;fyd;a leKsu~, f,i ye¢kafjhs’ l,d,j, wdOdrfhka mshiai b»fldg we;s w;r th w‰ folyudrla muK ,S lene,a,lg iÔnkaO jk fia oejeka; mrd, 26la tlsfklg iÔnkaO fldg ks¾udKh lr we;s w;r ta i|yd lsisˇ hlv weKhla fhdod f.k fkdue;s ˘u ˙fYaI;ajhls’ f,dj lsisˇ ia:dkhl  olakg fkd,efnk fuh Y%S ,xldjg muKla iSud jQ ks¾udKhla nj hqksiaflda ix˙Odkh ˙iska ;yjqre fldg we;’

»la f.hska we;=ø ˘ fomi isxy rEm follska w,xldr jQ” ulr f;drKlska ue» jQ fodrgqfjka we;=ø jQ miqj §i˜ka l=vu¶ kÔ fldg Yd,dj yuqfjhs’ foajd, N+Òhg ms˙fik ˙g jÔ miska ,S fldgka u; b»fldg we;s §˘ wgqj¶ yuq jk w;r tys »km;d ;=ka j;djla flfrk  foaj mQcdj i|yd wjYH ˘ ;ekam;a fldg  we;’ ˘ wgqj wdikakfha msysgd we;s ldur follska yd Yd,djlska iuka˙; jk §uqø;ekaf.h¶ fo˙hka i|yd wdydr ms<sfh, lsÕug Nd˙;d fldg we;s nj i|ykah’

;jo foajd, mflY%fhka msg; msysgd we;s §isxydik uKavmh¶ t l, rc;=ud fmryr krUd we;s ia:dkh f,i ie<flk w;r wei< fmryr mj;ajk »kj,ß fmryefrka f.k tkq ,nk foajdNrK uo  fı,djla fuys r|jd ;nd pdfl;% bgq lsÕu isˇ lrkq ,nhs’ weÔnelal foajd,fha jd¾Islj  isˇflfrk isı ux.,Hhka w;flka wei< ux.,Hhg iq˙fYaIS ia:dkhla ysÒ jk njo i|yka l< hq;=uh’

foajd, f.dvke.s,a,g jÔmiska nqˇ ueˇr yd ol=Kq ol=Kq miska m,af,a foajd,h fyj;a foaj;d nKavdr foajd,h msysgd we;’ weÔnelal wÔn,u f,i y˜kajkq ,nk f.dvke.s,a,la weÔnelal foajd,hg kqˇflka msys· fj,ahdhl .,a;,djla u; msysgd we;s w;r j¾;udkfha ß tys olakg ,efnkafka .,alKq muKls’ tys we;s kIagdjfYaI wOHkh lsÕfÔß tu f.dvke.s,a, ;=< o ˙is;=re leghÔ rdYshla ;sfnkakg we;ehs wkqudk l< yels jk w;r  th y;r jk nqjfklndyq rc;=ud ˙iska b» l<d hehs  b;sydi.; f;dr;=rej, i|yka fjhs’

.Ôm, hq.fha .Dy ks¾udK Ys,amfha;a” leghÔ l,dfı;a” ˙YsIag nj ˙oyd olajk fuu odreuh .Dy ks¾udKh  ˙foia ixpdrlhska muKla fkdj foaYSh ixpdrlhska o u˙;hg m;a lrjk iqø nj i|yka l< hq;=uh’ fuu odreuh leghÔ iuQyh ,dxflah l,d lD;s w;r by<skau jecfUkafka tne˙ks’ tu ksid wm ldf.a;a j.lSu jkafka wm cd;sfha YS% ˙N+;sh ˙oyd mdk fujka l,d lD;s /l .ekSu wkd.; mrmqrg wm lrk wdfhdackhls’ 

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